Munipality of Kariba

Kariba is situated in the Zambezi Valley in the Mashonaland West Province of Zimbabwe near the Zambian border.  The town developed as a resu

Munipality of Kariba


  1. Municipality of Kariba


  1. Historical background

Kariba is situated in the Zambezi Valley in the Mashonaland West Province of Zimbabwe near the Zambian border.  The town developed as a result of the construction of the Kariba dam wall and Hydro Electricity Power Station.  As an administrative centre, the town started as a Local Board in 1972, grew into a Town Council in 1982 and gained its current Municipal status in January 1999. The Town is divided into 9 administrative wards with nine elected councillors who are the policy makers.


  1. Number of wards

The Town is divided into 9 administrative wards

  1. Population

According to the 2012 population census the town had a population of 26 451. With a growth rate of 2.5% per annum, the estimated population of the municipality for 2017 is 29 928.

  1. Province

Municipality of Kariba is located in Mashonaland West Province.

  1. Geographical location

Kariba is in natural region 5 and is located in the Zambezi Valley.


  1. Health


  1. Government Hospital

Kariba District Hospital

  1. Council Clinics

Nyamhunga and Mahombekombe clinics

  1. Private Clinics

Mother Care, Lighthouse Clinic, MARS and Neptune Clinic and InterAfrica




  1. Education


  1. Primary Schools

Government Primary Schools

Nyamhunga Government Primary School

Kariba Heights Primary School

Council Primary School

Nyanhewe Primary School

Mahombekombe Primary School

Privately Owned Primary Schools

Charara Primary School

Lake View Primary School

Elite Primary School

  1. High School

Government Secondary School(s)

Nyamhunga Government High School

Council Secondary School(s)

Mahombekombe Secondary School

Privately Owned Secondary School(s)

Patsaka Trust

Kariba Academy

Water sources and their storage capacities and total capacity


Water Supply & Dam Capacity:    Lake Kariba Dam with a storage capacity of 185 billion m³

Storage Capacity:                            Nyamhunga       4500m³

Batonga                   2000m³

Baobab                    4000m³

Hospital                   350m³

Heights                    1135m³

Gib Coyne              2000m³

Camp Hill                110m³

Mica Point              2000m³

Yellow Tree           45m³


Total Storage Capacity:                                                                  16 140m³

Coverage of water supply as a percentage and hours of supply

The average water supply for the town is 21 hours, and percentage of water supply coverage the whole town is about 98%.


Solid waste infrastructure

The municipality has a refuse compactor, two refuse compactors trucks, 1 refuse truck and a tractor for solid waste collection. The council is currently making strides to upgrade its dumpsite to a landfill site. The area has already been fenced and electrified.


Waste water infrastructure

The municipality’s waste water treatment plant has a capacity to treat about 3.2 megalitres a day and coverage of waste water collection is 100%.


  1. Nature of economy and major industries


The major industries in the town are formal ones which are

  • Fishing,
  • Tourism,
  • Electricity generation
  • Crocodile farming.



  • Quarry stone mining
  • Curio and sculpture
  • Home Industries (Iron craft, etc)


  1. Transport and Communications
  • Road – the area is connected to major cities and towns by tarred road.
  • Water – the area has water vessels, ferries and boats that transport people and goods across or along the lake to Kariba rural, Binga and Mlibizi areas.
  • Air – Kariba has an airport that accommodates small to medium aircrafts.
  1. Tourism and heritage

Municipality of Kariba is located in the National Parks area which has a variety of game animals (elephants, buffaloes, impala, zebra, etc). The town is also located on the edge of the largest man-made lake in the world which is a major tourist attraction.

Kariba town shares the Kariba Dam with neigh-bouring Siavonga District in Zambia which is unique form of engineering heritage. Kariba Dam is jointly owned by Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  1. Investment prospects/areas requiring investment/land availability
  2. Batonga school stands

The project consists of 2 stands designated for construction of secondary and primary schools and have the following sizes:

Primary school stand – ±4 hectares

Secondary School stand  –  ±12 hectares

The scope of works involves onsite infrastructure and construction of the superstructures. The Cost of land per m2 is $4.00

  1. Batonga Flats

The project consists of 3 stands designated for flats construction and have the following sizes:

1,08 hectares

1,1162 hectares

0,3415 hectares

The scope of works involves onsite infrastructure and construction of Flats. The Cost of land per m2 is $8.00

  1. Joint ventures in Service Delivery

There is also scope for joint ventures in the various municipal services and these are subject to negotiation.

  1. Batonga Polyclinic

The project involves a polyclinic stand which is located in a medium density zone. The stand measures 11 000m². Council is seeking partners and investors who could assist in construction of a polyclinic. The building plan is already in place.


  1. Windsor Commercial Stands

19 Windsor stands measuring a minimum of an acre, overlooking Lake Kariba with excellent views. Looking for an investor to service the stands in terms of water, sewer, roads and storm-water drains. Triple P arrangements or Joint ventures most welcome.

  1. Recreation facilities

The municipality has a 5 000 seater Nyamhunga stadium which is hosting Premier Soccer League matches. It also owns Chaminuka stadium which can host lower division and social league games.

The town also houses private recreational boating facilities, a private health fitness club (gym), swimming pools (Mopani Bay campsite), Caribbea Bay hotel, Cutty Sark hotel, Tamarind lodges.

  1. Time taken to process/approve business licence applications

A temporary licence can be availed within a week, whilst a substantive licence can be processed within a month.

  1. Time taken to process building plans

The municipality takes about 7 days to process building plans.